Study and Promotion of Civil Procedure Reforms in Latin America
This initiative, which formally began in 2016, is designed to generate knowledge of the main challenges in civil justice reform; identify barriers to access to judicial and extra-judicial dispute resolution mechanisms; and provide technical assistance for the implementation of reforms or pilot plans based on objective, high-quality information.
It also includes training activities for future decision-makers in public and private institutions.
Throughout the life of this project, JSCA has implemented over 10 pilot projects involving the development of innovative models in local contexts. These short-term initiatives are designed to improve the models so that they can be applied to the entire proposed judicial space.
The Center also has completed over 20 technical assistance projects for various justice system institutions in countries such as Paraguay, Costa Rica, Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, Chile and Nicaragua.
In this context of creation and dissemination of knowledge, we have drafted over 80 thematic reports thanks to the support of GAC. These publications have been widely distributed throughout Latin America. We also have held 30 seminars to discuss and disseminate knowledge. These events have been attended by over 12,000 people, the great majority of them (68%) women.
The following initiatives have been developed as part of the project:
On December 18, 2018, the National Court of Justice of Peru approved the creation and work of the Oral Civil Corporate Litigation Module of the Arequipa Superior Court through Administrative Resolution No. 312-2018-CE-PJ.
JSCA and the Mexico City judiciary executed a pilot project to implement oral litigation techniques in oral civil courts in Mexico City. The initiative was implemented in 2019 with funding from GAC.
In 2018, JSCA’s team began to develop a draft law for a General Procedure Code in Chubut. The goal was to move towards a comprehensive civil and commercial, family, labor and contentious-administrative justice reform in the province.
In April 2019, the La Pampa Province Superior Court signed a general collaboration agreement with JSCA as well as a specific agreement to implement a civil judicial office in Santa Rosa to support five civil and commercial courts that operate in the capital.
JSCA and Costa Rica’s judiciary presented the “Litigation Manual for Oral Hearings in Costa Rica’s New Civil Justice System” for attorneys and the “Manual for Oral Hearing Management in Costa Rica’s New Civil Justice System” for judges.
One focus area of the GAC project “Improving Access to Civil Justice in Latin America” is monitoring how civil disputes are handled in the region.
To that end, JSCA designed and implemented the region’s first Observatory on Civil Conflict and Access to Justice (OCCA).