Timeline JSCA 1999-2021

  • JSCA is created by resolution of the XXVI General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS) on November 15, 1999.

  • JSCA begins its work at the University Promotion Corporation (Corporación de Promoción Universitaria, CPU) in Santiago de Chile.

    Its first website, the Nexus Newsletter and Judicial Systems Journal are created.

  • •  The Center is formally installed in Chile, the Virtual Information Center is created, and we begin to publish the Annual Report on Justice in the Americas.

  • •  On February 17, 2003, we moved into our first independent office, which was located at Avenida Holanda 2023 in the Providencia district of Santiago de Chile.

    • The OAS General Assembly asks JSCA to conduct a study on racism and racial discrimination in justice administration systems.

  • •  The Inter-American Program for Training Trainers for Criminal Procedure Reform and the distance learning courses on Judicial Reform in Latin America and the Caribbean: Improving Governance through the Justice Sector is developed. 

    •  JSCA partners with the US Library of Congress Global Legal Information Network.

    •  The Information and Management Area is created.  

  • •  The Manual on Public Defender’s Offices for Latin America and the Caribbean is presented during the I Ibero-American Forum on Access to Justice in Chile.   

    • A JSCA virtual community is created.

  • • The financing plan developed by the institution is approved. It includes voluntary contributions by member states.

  • • JSCA begins to promote justice reforms in countries throughout the Americas. Specific support is provided for criminal justice reforms through the Virtual Training Program for Prosecutors in Latin America, innovation projects in Argentina, and studies on monitoring of criminal procedure reforms. Civil justice reforms are also undertaken.

  • •  The first Ibero-American Seminar on Transparency, Accountability and Integrity in Judiciaries is held. The Center conducts a study on appeals systems in the region’s adversarial criminal procedure system and the study on criminal justice systems’ responses to crimes with serious social consequences. JSCA also organizes the III Inter-American Meeting: Network of the Inter-American Program for Training Trainers for Criminal Procedure Reform. During the II Ibero- American Conference on Judicial Cooperation: Digital Justice, the Center presents the White Book on the Use of Technology in Justice.

  • •  We continue to support civil and criminal justice reforms in the region. The Center develops a virtual course on pretrial detention that included comparative experiences in the region as well as modules on international standards and experiences with pretrial services in the U.S.

  • • Three new virtual courses are developed: “Pretrial Detention in Latin America,” “Drug Treatment Courts,” and “Pretrial Services.”

  • •  JSCA supports efforts to strengthen the prosecution service in Guatemala; an exchange program between the US and Latin America; a study on the use of oral procedures and hearings in non-criminal judicial proceedings; a study on judicial fees in Costa Rica; training on Litigation and Criminal Procedure Reform in Brazil; the virtual course “Pretrial Detention in Latin America”; the virtual course “Drug Treatment Courts”; the virtual course “Pretrial Services”; the International Conference on Civil Justice Reform in Latin America; and the VIII Index of Access to Online Judicial Information.

  • • The Center contributes to a project focused on strengthening the role and operation of Haiti’s Superior Judiciary Council.

  • • Jaime Arellano Quintana (Chile) is appointed the Executive Director of JSCA.

    • The Center continues to strengthen support for criminal and civil justice reform, as evidenced by the innovation, research, training and dissemination projects that it develops in Argentina, the United States, El Salvador, Panama and Guatemala.

  • •  The Center begins to execute the Project to Support Mexico’s New Criminal Justice System (NJP) with bilateral cooperation funds from Chile and Mexico (JSCA-AMEXCID-AGCI).

  • • The Center publishes the study “Evaluation of the Criminal Procedure Reform 10 Years After Its Nationwide Implementation” (Chile).

    • The Center contributes to the Mission to Support the Fight against Corruption and Impunity in Honduras, MACCIH.

    • JSCA becomes the General Secretariat of the Latin American Network of Public Prosecution Service Criminal Analysis Offices.

    • The Center creates the first version of the Certificate Program in Oral Criminal Litigation (DLOP), which is offered in Washington, D.C. in collaboration with the American University Washington College of Law (AU-WCL).

    • The first version of the Inter-American Training Program on Civil Justice Reform (PIC) is created.

  • • Creation of the Observatory on Civil Conflict and Access to Justice (OCCA).

    • Incorporation of the gender perspective in JSCA.

  • • Implementation of the JSCA gender equality policy and commitment to balanced presence of genders in hiring, the entity’s most crosscutting and significant institutional innovation.

    • Execution of the DIRAJus Project with the German Cooperation Agency.

    • The Center launches “Technical Cooperation with the Peruvian Judiciary” to promote an oral and adversarial civil justice model with a pilot program in the Arequipa district.

  • • JSCA provides Technical Assistance for Criminal Procedure Reform in Brazil, the only country in the region that continues to have a mixed trial system.

    • The Center launches its technical support for the Mexico City judiciary to introduce a pilot program on oral litigation in civil courts.

    • The Technical Cooperation Program for the La Pampa Province Judiciary (Argentina) begins. It is designed to introduce an oral civil litigation pilot program.

  • • JSCA adjusts to the limitations and challenges posed by the COVD-19 pandemic.

    • Research in the region continues. The most important outputs that the Center publishes include: The Comparative Study on Civil Procedure Codes in Latin America and the Study on the Practice of Law in Latin America.

  • • The Center holds an “Ongoing Forum on Access to Justice and the Right to Healthcare in Latin America in the Context of COVID-19.”

    • JSCA also offers the following virtual courses: “Gender and Justice in Latin America,” “Civil Justice Reform in Latin America,” “Collective Processes,” “Expert Evidence in Oral Civil Proceedings,” “Judicial Management and Case Management in Civil Justice” and “Trial by Jury.”

Información Institucional

Informe de Gestión
Centro de Estudios de Justicia de las Américas

Director responsable:
Jaime Arellano Quintana

Redacción y edición:
Leandra Medina
Claudio Soto
Aira Maya
Erika Rojas

Diseño y diagramación:
Marco González
Juan Núñez
Sandra Araneda

Banco fotográfico institucional

Esteban Rosales

Registro de propiedad intelectual:

Esta Memoria de Gestión se encuentra disponible en: www.cejamericas.org y todas sus redes sociales.